Malt extract agar was prepared by dissolving 50 grams of malt extract in 1 litre of distilled water. The extraction, dilution and analysis were as described earlier. Toxicity of AFs can be categorized into two main groups: Among the Alternaria metabolites, Macrosporin was present in two of the samples, with a maximum value of 3. It is considered being the primary cause of hepatocellular carcinoma in mammals Barkai- Golan and Paster,
The worst effect of DON toxicity in human depends on the extent of contamination in the food ingested. The identification was based essentially on morphological and biochemical reactions. The micro flora of the finished product depends on the processing and storage conditions, this has lead to the inability to produce and store fresh kunu. The storage fungi do not invade grains before harvest Christensen and Kaufmann, Kunu – Tell Me Everything You Know About It maybe its cuz I’ve had too much Kunu zaki eeman, religion celebs tv-movies music-radio literature webmasters Kunun Zaki Millet drink Recipe Kunu drink is a popular drink made from whole grains of millet and sometimes sorghum or corn.
Kununzaki have been reported to have the shelf life of about 24 hours Adeyemi and Umar, Evaluation is further complicated by the possibility of synergistic effect of these metabolites e.
However, Nutritional composition of different types of kunu produced in Bauchi and Gombe States of NigeriaThe review indicated that the The nutritional and medical value reviea kunu – zaki has been reported in literature The production of kunu – zaki involves Bukar et al. Kunu is cheap and the cereals used in its preparation are widely grown throughout the savannah region of Nigeria such as Oon, Kano, Sokoto and Katsina States Agoa, The aims of this research is to determine the comparative analysis of microbial load of gruel kunu sold in Federal Polytechnic Nasarawa campus.
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This research work is limited to the comparative analysis of microbial load of samples of gruel kunu found in Federal Polytechnic Nasarawa. Kunu can undergo spoilage as a result of some factors such as microorganisms present in the drink that helps in the fermentation process studies have shown that kunu contains lactic acid bacteria such as Lactobacillus sp, Streptococcus sp and Leuconostoc sp and these organisms could cause the spoilage of the beverage.
Grain sorghum is also used for silage, but it is not as commonly used as the sweet sorghum for this purpose. It also documents the occurrence of bacteria metabolites in Nigerian rice. Mostly it is consumed chilled for thirst quenching and also taken when one is hungry.
Literature review on kunun zaki
Kunu – Tell Me Everything You Know About It maybe its cuz I’ve had too much Kunu zaki eeman, religion celebs tv-movies music-radio literature webmasters Kunun Zaki Millet drink Recipe Kunu drink is a popular drink made from whole grains of millet and sometimes sorghum or corn. Moreover, Aflatoxins B1 are known to be highly toxic and several studies have shown to be carcinogenic, tetragenic, mutagenic, hepatotoxic, genotoxic, immune suppression, growth retardation, and inhibit several metabolic systems in humans and other animal species Zinedine and Manes, ; Bluma and Etcheverry, ; Shephard, The andrastins are protein farnesyltransferase inhibitors and are capable of inhibiting the efflux of anticancer drugs from multidrug-resistant cancer cells Uchida et al.
Three main types of ochratoxin are; A, B, and C Figure 4. Further, the incidence of aflatoxins in maize are a perennial threat in warm and humid subtropical and tropical conditions Kaaya and Kyamuhangire, The identification of the microbial isolates was based on classification Scheme proposed by Harrigan and McCanceBuchanan and Gibbson and Collin and Lyne It is considered being the primary cause of hepatocellular carcinoma in mammals Barkai- Golan and Paster, A recent report by the FAO on mycotoxins shows over countries worldwide had set regulatory limits on allowable mycotoxins levels in human and animal feeds Warth, et al.
The preparation of this beverage has become technology in many homes in the rural communities and more recently in the urban areas where commercial production due to support from the government through the poverty alleviation scheme, has helped to alleviate poverty among the people. Due to its hard and waxy covering, the grains need to be processed by cracking, rolling, or grinding. Data compiled from various sources by Mark W.
It contains fibre, thus helping to promote a healthy digestive system. The micro flora of the finished product depends on the processing and storage conditions.
Literature review of kunu zaki
Contamination of ZEA occurring mainly in cereals such as maize, wheat, and barley fields, but also in sorghum, soybean, oats, hay, rice, rye, sesame seed and silages Zinedine et al. The occurrence of No metabolites was high; Moniliform was found in three samples with KSD zone having the highest value of 4.
Retrieved May 18, o http: Hours of Operation Monday to Friday: Sorghum which is used for kunu drink are always harvested during the rainy season, a best period for yeast and mould which favors contamination by fungi and subsequent mycotoxin contamination. In addition, to their inhibition activity, they have a wide range of gastrointestinal, dermatological and neurologic effects such as vomiting, diarrhea, and bowel inflammation. Properties, Processing, and Nutritional Attributes.
Many legumes, on the other hand, are deficient in the essential amino acid methionine, which grains contain. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.
Aflatoxins are of great concern literatjre to their detrimental effects on the health of humans and animals Zinedine and Manes, Field fungi do not compete well under normal and dry storage conditions, but may grow extensively in improperly preserved maize at high moisture Meronuck, Globally, over half of all sorghum is used for human consumption. PLEASE make sure your project topic or related topic is found on this website and that you have preview the abstract or chapter one before making payment.
Other Aspergillus metabolites 3- Nitropopionic acid and Nigragilin has more occurrence in the samples, 3- Nitropopionic acid has a mean value of 1.