URBAN SPRAWL CASE STUDY GCSE

St Paul’s Square is a popular venue for live music. The city also has five universities, which cater for over 65, higher education students. To reduce pollution, traffic has been managed by creating a park and ride scheme , encouraging the use of buses and the Birmingham Metro tramline. Economic – the Bullring shopping centre includes shops generating employment and income for the local economy. Birmingham is located centrally in England, in the Midlands. Unemployment – the closure of factories in the manufacturing industry led to high unemployment.

Building on greenfield sites – this results in the loss of more green space and may make urban sprawl worse. Aston is an area of deprivation with an ethnically diverse community where many children struggled to access and succeed in education. To reduce pollution, traffic has been managed by creating a park and ride scheme , encouraging the use of buses and the Birmingham Metro tramline. It is the UK’s second-largest city and has strong connections with other countries in the world as a result of its ethnic diversity. The Eastside City Park is a new park developed to increase the amount of green space. Sign up to Comment.

However building on brownfield sites – this will improve a derelict site as the space is reused for a new development.

The city presents many positive opportunities such as: This has led to urban decline as manufacturing buildings were left empty and became derelict.

Environmental – canals in Birmingham have been cleaned up. The towpaths have been upgraded to encourage people to walk and cycle along the canals in the city.

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The city also has five universities, which cater for over 65, higher education students. Unemployment – the closure of factories in the manufacturing industry led to high unemployment. The Balti Triangle is an area of Stkdy famous for its restaurants and curry houses.

urban sprawl case study gcse

Effects More congestion and pollution in the countryside Similarly, commuter towns can be established, where people work in the city and live on the outskirts so they have to commute into work – this causes pollution gcee congestion Commuter towns also lead to a rise in house prices There is building on greenfield sites – this could lead to environmental impacts such as loss of habitats Developing on farmland areas can lead to people losing their income as farmers, and also the loss of wildlife gcwe In LICs and NEEs eg Rio, Brazil urband sprawl as a result of rapid urban growth can lead to squatter settlements or slums – for example in Rio the favelas Positive: It is the UK’s second-largest city and has strong connections with other countries in the world as a result of its ethnic diversity.

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Inequalities in housing – Birmingham’s high population has resulted in pressures on housing. St Paul’s Square is a popular venue for live music.

urban sprawl case study gcse

Human Geog- Changing Urban Environments. The Bullring Shopping Centre. Dereliction – derelict buildings from the manufacturing industry are common in inner city areas. Social – ethnic and cultural diversity allows people to experience different religions and foods.

Urban Sprawl

The Eastside City Park is a new park developed to increase the amount of green space. Causes Population growth – increased demand for housing Demand for out of town shopping and retail parks lead to buildings constructed on previously undeveloped places Migration – from urban areas to rural areas – in HICs as the urban fringe area has more space, cheaper land and less congestion than the inner city Migration – rural to urban – pull factors include better opportunities, etc, and urban sprawl can happen when there is rapid urban growth and the housing facilities cannot cope with it.

This may be more expensive than building on greenfield sites as there must be clearing and decontamination, however in the long term it’s more sustainable.

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Brindley Place is a city centre development which includes bars, retail, offices and entertainment facilities and which generates a large income. Atmospheric pollution – with more people in a city, there are more vehicles on the road, leading to atmospheric zprawl.

urban sprawl case study gcse

Birmingham Birmingham is located centrally in England, in the Midlands. Waste disposal – a large urban population produces a lot of household and commercial waste which creates challenges for how to manage and dispose of this waste.

There is not enough good quality and affordable housing for people in the city. Building on greenfield sites – this results in the loss of more green space and may make urban sprawl worse. Deprivation – with the closure of the manufacturing industry and high unemployment, parts of Birmingham experienced a spiral of social and economic decline leading to deprivation. Birmingham is located centrally in England, in the Midlands. Aston is an area of deprivation with an ethnically diverse community where many children struggled to access and succeed in education.

Due to competition from abroad, most of Birmingham’s manufacturing industry has now gone.

Economic – the Bullring shopping centre includes shops generating employment and income for the local economy. Education – the quality of education was particularly poor in inner city areas such as Aston. To reduce pollution, traffic has been managed by creating a park and ride schemeencouraging the use of buses and the Birmingham Metro tramline. Health – in Aston, people with poorer English language skills found it difficult to access healthcare facilities. Urban decline – Birmingham used to have a large manufacturing industry.